Horan Foundation HF, in an attempt to capture a view of the humanitarian situation in North East
of Syria in the communities were under the Turkish government, performed Multi-Sectoral Needs
Assessment, due to rapid change in the security situation and the demographic change on the
In the tenth year of the Syrian crisis, all country’s population faces huge humanitarian obstacles
with continued conflict affecting civilians, lack of shelter, food and non-food items (NFIs), basic
services, education services, drinking water, and other essential necessities.
The humanitarian situation changes rapidly and significantly across the country, depending on
the intensity of conflict, besides the displacement patterns and access to basic services and aid.
This report provides a community-level analysis of the humanitarian situation in the North East
of Syria in the communities were under the Turkish government. It analyzed changes in major
humanitarian sectors of displacement, shelter, NFI, food security and livelihood, protection,
WASH, education, and emergency for four sub-districts (Ein Issa, Tell Abiad, Suluk, Ras Al Ain) over
a period of three months from Oct 2020 to early Jan 2021.
Despite an escalation in conflict and a reported decline in humanitarian conditions in the North
East of Syria in the communities were under the Turkish government in 2020, the area has received
less international media attention than other governorates experiencing mass displacement in
So, to help humanitarian actors with information about the developments and the last change in
the humanitarian needs, this report offers a multi-sectoral analysis in North East of Syria in the
communities were under the Turkish government.
This report is covering four sub-districts in Al-Hasaka and Ar-Raqqa governorates (Ein Issa, Tell
Abiad, Suluk, Ras Al Ain) with all sectors except health and nutrition sectors as it had been
mentioned, the selection of the time period and area covered was informed by conflict dynamics
and the humanitarian situation on the ground which changed after MSNA 2020.
Sampling was to take all sub-districts and communities under the Turkish government control in
Al-Hasaka and Ar-Raqqa governorates to take an extensive and comprehensive overview of the
situation in these sub-districts.
Horan Foundation access in North East of Syria in the communities were under the Turkish
government was to four sub-districts and 265 communities, in the meanwhile Data Collection
Coverage targeted all sub-districts and communities in these covered sub-districts.
Data collection was completed through Key Informants KI interviews with at least five KI in each
community (1855 KIs) (%65 Males, %35 Female). Types of KI included a range of representatives of
civilian bodies, such as local council members, teachers, NGO workers, and directors.
Horan Foundation teams conducted face to face KI interviews. The selection of KI was based on the
criteria of knowledge regarding population, local context and situation, professional background,
leadership responsibilities or personal experience, gender balance…. etc.
The data analysis plan was based on a sub-district level but in some special questions, it depends
on community-level data analysis